Short History And Origins Of English Language

 The Origins of  English language really started with the arrival of three Germanic tribes who invaded Britain during the 5th century AD.

 When starts The Origins Of English Language

 The history and origins of english language really started with the arrival of three Germanic tribes who invaded Britain during the 5th century AD. These tribes, the Angles, the Saxons and the Jutes, crossed the North Sea from what today is Denmark and northern Germany. At that time of the origins of english the inhabitants of Britain spoke a Celtic language.

But most of the Celtic speakers were pushed west and north by the invaders – mainly into what is now Wales, Scotland and Ireland. The Angles came from “Englaland” in the origins of english and their language was called Englisc, from which the words England and English are derived.

 Old English (450-1100 AD)

 

Invading from Tribes Origins of english language

Invading from Tribes Origins of english language

The invading Germanic tribes spoke similar languages. Which in Britain developed into what we now call Old English. Old English did not sound or look like English today. Old English was spoken until around 1100. 
Middle English (1100-1500)
 
In 1066 William the conqueror, the Duke of Normandy (part of modern France), invaded and conquered England. The new conquerors (called the Normans) brought with them a kind of French.
Which became origins of english language of the Royal Court, and the ruling and business classes. For a period there was a kind of linguistic class division, where the lower classes spoke English and the upper classes spoke French. In the 14th century English became dominant in Britain again, but with many French words added. This language is called Middle English.


Early Modern English (1500-1800)

Towards the end of Middle English, a sudden and distinct change in pronunciation (the Great Vowel Shift) started, with vowels being pronounced shorter and shorter. From the 16th century the British had contact with many people from around the world.
Origins of english language

Origins of english language

This, and the Renaissance of Classical learning, meant that many new words and phrases entered the language. The invention of printing also meant that there was now a common language in print.

Books became cheaper and more people learned to read. Printing also brought standardization to English. Spelling and grammar became fixed, and the dialect of London, where most publishing houses were, became the standard. In 1604 the first English dictionary was published.

Varieties of English

From around 1600, the English colonization of North America resulted in the creation of a distinct American variety of English. Some English pronunciations and words “froze” when they reached America.
Some expressions that the British call “Americanisms” are in fact original British expressions that were preserved in the colonies while lost for a time in Britain. Spanish also had an influence on American English. French words (through Louisiana) and West African words (through the slave trade) also influenced American English.
 
Today, American English is particularly influential, due to the USA’s dominance of cinema, television, popular music, trade and technology (including the Internet).
But there are many other varieties of English around the world, including for example Australian English, New Zealand English, Canadian English, South African English, Indian English and Caribbean English. Adapted from http://www.englishclub.com/english-language-history.htm

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